But the academy and free school movement has made things worse for working class children, with more segregation and polarisation. Four-fifths of children from working-class minority ethnic families are taught in schools with high concentrations of other immigrant or disadvantaged students — the highest proportion in the developed world, according to a report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Class strategies and the education market : the middle classes and social advantage
Half of all free school meal children are educated in just a fifth of all schools. They get less qualified teachers. They get higher levels of teacher turnover and more supply teachers. Even if they are in the same schools as middle class children, they are in lower sets and yet again they get less experienced teachers. All the children she interviewed had a powerful sense of their position in the academic hierarchy. Middle class parents do a lot via extra resources and activities.
Less affluent children also get a more restrictive educational offer, she discovered. That means they focus ruthlessly on reading, writing and arithmetic. It almost feels criminal. It feels very unfair. The difference between amounts spent on educating children privately or in the state sector is stark.
These would need to be replaced by a truly comprehensive system where the differences between schools are minimized, while the diversity within them is maximized. With the abolition of the existing inequitable diversity of types of schools, all with their different funding mechanisms and selection requirements, there could be a renewed focus on achieving a social mix within schools that is underpinned by social mixing.
Our current highly competitive, hierarchical and fragmented educational system could then be replaced with a collegial system founded on collaboration and mutual support between schools.
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British Educational Research Journal 25 3. Journal of Education Policy 16 4. British Journal of Educational Studies 54 3. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.
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Journal of Education Policy 16 4 7 D Reay The zombie stalking English schools: social class and educational inequality. Lamont, M. Cultural capital: Allusions, gaps and glissandos in recent theoretical developments. Sociological Theory , 6 , — Lareau, A. Home advantage: Social class and parental intervention in elementary education. Original work published Unequal childhoods: Class, race, and family life.
Berkeley: University of California Press. Postiglione, G. Education and social change in China: Inequality in a market economy. Reay, Diane. Miseducation : Inequality , Education, and the Working Classes. Bristol: Policy Press.
Sintas, J. Omnivores show up again: The segmentation of cultural consumers in Spanish social space. European Sociological Review , 18, — Stuber, J. Inside the college gates: How class and culture matter in higher education. Xie, A. Toward a More Equal Admission? Access in the Mass Higher Education Era. Family strategies, guanxi, and school success in Rural China.
Guanxi and school success: An ethnographic inquiry of parental involvement in rural China. British journal of sociology of education, 37 7 , His main areas of research are on higher education and social justice, and rural education development in China.
He has also been involved in studies on access to higher education institutions by the rural and ethnic minorities in Gansu. Xie Ailei gained his Ph.
D degree in sociology of education from the University of Hong Kong. He was an Assistant Professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University from the to , a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Hong Kong from to , and was selected as a visiting fellow to Cambridge University in He can be reached at xieailei gmail.
He is also on the editorial advisory board of the Journal of Education Policy. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Original work published Lareau, A.
World Education Research Association (WERA)
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